Anatomy of the Eye


  • Cornea: The cornea is a clear surface that covers the front part of the eye. The cornea plays an important role in the eye’s focusing power.
  • Iris: This is the pigmented tissue ( it gives your eyes their color) that controls the amount of light that enters the eye.
  • Pupil: This appears as a black circle in the center of the iris that changes size depending on the amount of light available. It is a hole that allows light to get to the retina.
  • Lens: The lens is a transparent structure located behind the iris. It helps bring rays of light to focus on the retina.
  • Vitreous: A gel like substance that helps the eye keep its rounded shape. It is colorless and fills about 2/3 of the eye.
  • Retina: A thin layer of tissue that lines the back of the eye, which includes our rods and cones. When light strikes the retina, electric impulses take place that are transmitted back to the brain, ultimately forming what we see.
  • Macula: A very small and important area of the retina which allows us to have clear central vision.
  • Optic Nerve: The nerve that transmits visual information from the retina to our brain.

Vision Therapy

80% of learning in school happens through Vision. Do you think your child might have a learning related or undiagnosed vision problem? Come see Dr. Roth, our Developmental Optometrist, today for an evaluation.

Read more about Vision Therapy here!



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